APA Checklist: A Definitive Guide to APA Rules

A super simple APA checklist that covers all the APA rules you need to know for your essays and dissertations. The news that an essay or dissertation has to be formatted in APA can come as a big blow to a sleep-deprived student. It’s not enough that you have to research a paper, try and …

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When to Hyphenate Numbers

Why we need hyphens in numbersKnowing when to hyphenate numbers is important because the correct use of the hyphen helps your reader to understand which numbers are part of a given adjective and avoids any ambiguity.

Let’s look at the example on the left.

Is the guy working twenty shifts that are each four hours long, twenty-four shifts that are each an hour long? Or shifts that last twenty-four hours in total?

As you can see, where you place the hyphen in the number can make a significant difference to the meaning of the sentence.

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101 Words That are Both Plural and Singular

Plural of moose?

 

The majority of nouns have distinct plural and singular forms. However, there are a number of special words that are spelled and pronounced exactly the same way in both their singular and plural forms. Here are 101 words that are both singular and plural.

If you are not sure how to convert a singular noun into a plural noun, check out our guide to how to convert a singular noun to a plural noun.

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86 Great Examples of Portmanteau

Portmanteau Frankenfood

A portmanteau is a word that is formed by combining two different terms to create a new entity. Through blending the sounds and meanings of two existing words, a portmanteau creates a new expression that is a linguistic blend of the two individual terms.

For example breathalyzer is the portmanteau word formed from combining breath and analyzer, while blog is derived from the source words web and log.

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54 Great Examples of Modern-Day Neologisms

Sign reads: "they haven't invented words yet for what I will do to you"
Neologisms are newly coined terms, words, or phrases, that may be commonly used in everyday life but have yet to be formally accepted as constituting mainstream language. Neologisms represent the evolving nature of the English language. Over time people create new words that express concepts or ideas that were previously expressed using other words or use words that may not have existed at all. Neologisms can be completely new words, new meanings for existing words or new semes in existing words. Here are some examples of neologisms that are finding their way into modern-day English language.

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64 Examples of Oxymorons in Sentences

Oxymoron signs placed side by side

Oxymorons are figures of speech in which two contradictory terms are combined in order to create a rhetorical effect by paradoxical means. The word oxymoron is derived from the Greek for pointedly foolish (oxys = sharp/keen and moros = foolish). Oxymorons are extremely useful in written English because they can make effective titles, add dramatic effect, add flavor to speech, and can sometimes be used to achieve a comedic effect. Here is a comprehensive list of 64 examples of oxymorons in sentences. In each example, the oxymoron is underlined.

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Five Types of Phrases: A Free Printable Cheat Sheet

It is generally accepted that there are five major types of phrases in the English language, one for each of the main parts of speech. Phrases are a group of words that act as a part of a speech but cannot stand alone in order to form a complete sentence because they do not include both a subject and a predicate. You can find out more about phrases in our guide to phrases. Our free printable cheat sheet presents the five major types of phrases together with information about how to spot them and what punctuation rules you should bear in mind when using them. To download a free copy of the Five Types of Phrases cheat sheet, simply click on the image below.

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When is it Okay to Use Contractions in Formal Writing?

Many people avoid using contractions in formal writing because they are under the impression that contractions are only appropriate for casual writing and that they constitute non-standard grammar. Are they really representative of sloppy writing? When is it okay to use contractions? Many automatic grammar-checking software packages will produce an error if you use a …

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